About Taiwan Island

 

 

The Island of Taiwan has a total land area of about 36 000 square kilometers (14 400 square miles).  It is shaped like a leaf that is narrow at both ends.  It lies off the southeastern coast of mainland Asia, across the Taiwan Strait from China - an island on the western edge of the Pacific Ocean.  To the north is Japan; to the south is the Philippines.  Many airlines fly to Taiwan (R.O.C), making it the perfect travel destination.

 

Taiwan Island lies on the western edge of the Pacific "ring of fire", and continuous tectonic movements have created majestic peaks, rolling hills and plains, basins, coastlines, and other natural landscapes.  Taiwan's tropical, sub-tropical, and temperate climates provide clear differentiation between the different seasons.  There are rare or endangered species of wildlife on the island. Among these are the land-locked salmon, Taiwan serow, Formosan rock monkey, Formosan black bear, blue magpie, Mikado pheasant, and Hsuehshan grass lizard.

 

The Government has established 9 national parks and 13 national scenic areas to preserve the island’s best natural ecological environment and cultural sites.  There are various ways to discover the beauty of Taiwan Island. For example, trekking in the magnificence of the cliffs at Taroko Gorge; taking a ride on the Alishan Forest Railway and experiencing the breathtaking sunrise and sea of clouds; hiking up to the summit of Northeast Asia's highest peak, Yu Mountain (Yushan).  You can also soak up the sun in Kending (Kenting), Asia's version of Hawaii; stand at the edge of Sun Moon Lake; wander through the East Rift Valley; or visit the offshore islands of Kinmen and Penghu.  It's fun in capital letters as well as an awesome journey of natural discovery!

 

Total Area

36 197 square kilometers

 

Climate

Subtropical (mean temperature 18 °C in winter, 28 °C in summer)

Check the current conditions and latest weather forecast at the Central Weather Bureau.

 

Population

23,55 million (April 2017)

 

Ethnicity

More than 95 per cent Han Chinese (including Holo, Hakka and other groups originating in mainland China); 2 per cent indigenous Austronesia peoples; 2 per cent immigrant residents, primarily from mainland China and Southeast Asia

 

Official Language

Mandarin

 

Currency

New Taiwan Dollar (NT$ or TWD)

For more information please visit the Central Bank of the Republic of China (Taiwan)

 

GDP

US$ 528,55 billion (2016)

 

Major Religions

Buddhism, Taoism, I-Kuan Tao, Chinese folk religion, Christianity, Islam

 

Time Zone

UTC +8 hours

 

Electricity

Taiwan uses electric current of 110 volts at 60 cycles, appliances from Europe, Australia or South-East Asia will need an adaptor or transformer.